Monthly Archives: November 2015

Humanitarian Spotlight: Crisis in Calais

The world now faces the largest displacement crisis ever to be recorded, with almost 60 million people forcibly displaced at the end of 2014. For Europe and the United Kingdom, the migration crisis has confronted the region at its shores, and nowhere is this more evident in mainland Europe than in the migrant and refugee encampments of Calais, better known as “the Jungle”. Calais, a port city in northern France, has become a transitory home for migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers trying to enter the United Kingdom. The site has been the locus of ongoing tensions between French authorities and migrant and refugee populations since 2002 when the official Red Cross reception center for migrants was closed due to overcrowding. The collection of informal settlements known as the Jungle developed soon after as a staging post for those attempting entry into the UK, but the camps have now become semi-permanent dwelling places due to the dangers of border crossing and lack of other viable options for settlement. The camps are marked by makeshift tents, overcrowding, and a lack of basic needs and services – squalid conditions that will only deteriorate further if nothing is done to address the situation, especially as the number of inhabitants continues to grow. The population of displaced who inhabit Calais has more than quadrupled since September 2014, now numbering between 6,000 – 7,000 individuals.

Dr. Lynne Jones, Co-Director of the IIHA Mental Health in Complex Emergencies (MHCE) course, recently volunteered in Calais with Help Calais, a crowd funding platform that has already raised more than £60,000 to help various projects in the camps, and shared her experiences in a diary on Calaid-ipedia.

Reflecting on her decision to volunteer, Lynne commented, “I disliked the stereotype of ‘marauding swarms’. I wanted to find out for myself why people were risking their lives on a daily basis to come to Britain. Calais is only 6 hours away. So often, Europeans will go to remote places, while there are people on our doorstep who need help. It seemed only logical to find out how I could be useful.” Lynne found a sizeable network of people who offer their help and services in the absence of much structured humanitarian response. The internet has also contributed greatly to galvanizing volunteers.

As can be expected, the volunteers and refugees in Calais face similar issues to those plaguing the larger humanitarian system including problems of coordination, logistics, how to reach the most vulnerable, funding, and navigating the tensions between the arriving populations and the host community, local authorities, and national government. The broader concerns of host government responsibility and the lack of durable solutions for displaced populations also echo those that hinder humanitarian efforts around the world. Yet despite these challenges and the uncertainty of the future, a community continues to form in the Jungle

Read Lynne’s Jungle Diary!

Lynne Jones, O.B.E. FRCPsych., Ph.D., is a Visiting scientist, FXB Center for Health & Human Rights, Harvard University and Consultant child and adolescent psychiatrist, Cornwall Partnership Foundation NHS Trust. She is also the Co-Director of the IIHA Mental Health in Complex Emergencies (MHCE) Training Course, which is organized in cooperation with UNHCR, HealthNet TPO, and International Medical Corps (IMC). View our recent blog post about this year’s MHCE course in Addis. The next course is scheduled for Fall 2016.

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Alumni Update: Andy McElroy (IDHA 16)

Andy McElroy (IDHA 16) recently published two articles for the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR). His first, “Asia moves to implement Sendai Framework” speaks about how India has recently praised the Sendai Framework for its ability to transform a country’s disaster response from “relief-centered” work to disaster and prevention management. His second article, “Indian DRR champion to lead on “inclusive Sendai” focuses on how a senior member of the Government of India has been recognized as a champion for disaster risk reduction.

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Humanitarian Newsletter: November 25 – December 9, 2015

Read the latest humanitarian newsletter featuring a special Humanitarian Spotlight on the Crisis in Calais, informed by the perspective of Mental Health in Complex Emergencies (MHCE) Course Co-Director, Lynne Jones, O.B.E. FRCPsych., Ph.D. This edition also features a preview of CIHC’s upcoming Giving Tuesday campaign, IIHA Alumni Updates, and Humanitarian events and opportunities!

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FSD Conducting Survey on Humanitarian Drones

(shared by IDHA 12 alumna, Valeria Fabbroni)

Dear Colleagues,

Please take a few minutes to fill out this survey if you are involved in humanitarian work.

UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles), also known as drones, are used more and more in various fields for imagery, transport and other purposes. Humanitarian organisations, but also actors not traditionally involved in humanitarian action have started to use these tools in humanitarian settings as well. Hopes are high that drones will strongly improve humanitarians’ capacity to assess needs, monitor changes on the ground and even to deliver relief items. At the same time, critics voice their scepticism regarding the actual usefulness of drones in humanitarian settings.

This survey’s purpose is to understand the current perception and the level of experience on the use of drones (UAVs) by staff from organisations involved with humanitarian aid or civil protection. It is part of a project run by FSD, CartONG, UAViators and Zoi Environment Network with funding from DG ECHO.

Please note that no experience with drones is needed to complete the survey, and the participation of those without any prior experience is encouraged and will contribute to the survey results.

If you have any questions, please contact:

Denise Soesilo
FSD Project Manager
space@fsd.ch
Phone: +41 (0)22 907 3603

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Humanitarian Newsletter: November 11- 25, 2015

Read the latest IIHA newsletter with an update on IDHA 46, news about the release of the latest book in the IIHA Book Series, “Bound By Conflict: Dilemmas of the Two Sudans”, and IIHA Alumni Updates including David Tarantino, M.D., MPH (IDHA 27), Timo Luege (IDHA 21), Audu Kadiri (IDHA 45), Andy McElroy (IDHA 16) and the reunion of Mukesh Singh and Nick Jones (IDHA 44) in Nepal! This edition also features a special section to remember the life of service of a dear friend to the CIHC and IIHA, Joan Durcan, who passed away one year ago.

In case you missed October 28th’s newsletter full of alumni updates including Patricia C. Aragonés (IDHA 7, HNTC 1), Maria Blacque-Belair, and Imogen Wall (MIHA Lecturer) and IDHA reunions around the world, you can still view it it here!

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Bound by Conflict: Dilemmas of the Two Sudans

Bound by Conflict

Since its independence on January 1, 1956, Sudan has been at war with itself. Through the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) of 2005, the North–South dimension of the conflict was seemingly resolved by the independence of the South on July 9, 2011. However, as a result of issues that were not resolved by the CPA, conflicts within the two countries have reignited conflict between them because of allegations of support for each other’s rebels.

In Bound by Conflict: Dilemmas of the Two Sudans, Francis M. Deng and Daniel J. Deng critique the tendency to see these conflicts as separate and to seek isolated solutions for them, when, in fact, they are closely intertwined. The policy implication is that resolving conflicts within the two Sudans is critical to the prospects of achieving peace, security, and stability between them, with the potential of moving them to some form of meaningful association.

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About the Author:

On August 1st 2012, President Salva Kiir Mayardit of the Republic of South Sudan appointed Dr. Francis Mading Deng Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary and the Permanent Representative of South Sudan to the United Nations. Five years earlier, Dr. Deng was named by UN Secretary-General Bank Ki-moon as his Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide at the level of Under-Secretary-General. He also served as Representative of the UN Secretary-General on Internally Displaced Persons from1992 to 2004. Dr. Deng was a Human Rights Officer in the United Nations Secretariat from 1967 to 1972 after which he served as the Ambassador of the Sudan to Canada, the Nordic countries of Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden and the United States and as the Sudan’s Minister of State for Foreign Affairs. After leaving the Foreign Service of his country, Dr. Deng became affiliated with leading think-tanks and research institutions in the United States, including the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, the United States Institute of Peace, the Kluge Center for Scholars of the Library of Congress, and the Center for International Studies of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and was the first Distinguished Fellow of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund. Dr. Deng was also a visiting Lecturer at Yale University Law School, a Distinguished Professor at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, and a Research Professor of Politics, Law and Society at the Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies. Francis Deng graduated with an LL.B (Honours) from Khartoum University, was appointed to the Academic staff of the Faculty and pursued post-graduate studies at London University and at Yale University Law School, where he obtained the LL.M and the JSD degrees in 1965 and 1968 respectively. Dr. Deng is on the Board of Directors for the Center for International Humanitarian Cooperation (CIHC) and is an International Diploma in Humanitarian Assistance (IDHA) Honoris Causa Recipient. Dr. Deng has authored and edited over thirty books. His most recent book is Bound by Conflict.

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Alumni Update: Audu Kadiri (IDHA 45)

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Audu Kadiri (IDHA 45) is now working as Care Manager for Apicha Community Health Center. In a recent post on the Facebook Page of the Refugee and Immigrant Fund (RiF), Audu thanks RiF for its support and guidance along the way: “Thank you RIF for my success so far! Since I started the RiF Urban Farm project, I have achieved so much with your support: a diploma in humanitarian assistance from the Institute of International Humanitarian Affairs (IIHA) at Fordham University (IDHA45), and now a great job as Care Manager for the community health center, Apicha.”

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Alumni Update: Timo Luege (IDHA 21)

Timo Luege (IDHA 21) recently posted an article, “Which Social Media Monitoring Tool is Right for You?” on his blog Social Media for Good. Read his article to understand which type of social media monitoring and analysis tool is most efficient and effective for you and your organization.

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