Since its independence on January 1, 1956, Sudan has been at war with itself. Through the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) of 2005, the North–South dimension of the conflict was seemingly resolved by the independence of the South on July 9, 2011. However, as a result of issues that were not resolved by the CPA, conflicts within the two countries have reignited conflict between them because of allegations of support for each other’s rebels.
In Bound by Conflict: Dilemmas of the Two Sudans, Francis M. Deng and Daniel J. Deng critique the tendency to see these conflicts as separate and to seek isolated solutions for them, when, in fact, they are closely intertwined. The policy implication is that resolving conflicts within the two Sudans is critical to the prospects of achieving peace, security, and stability between them, with the potential of moving them to some form of meaningful association.
About the Author:
On August 1st 2012, President Salva Kiir Mayardit of the Republic of South Sudan appointed Dr. Francis Mading Deng Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary and the Permanent Representative of South Sudan to the United Nations. Five years earlier, Dr. Deng was named by UN Secretary-General Bank Ki-moon as his Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide at the level of Under-Secretary-General. He also served as Representative of the UN Secretary-General on Internally Displaced Persons from1992 to 2004. Dr. Deng was a Human Rights Officer in the United Nations Secretariat from 1967 to 1972 after which he served as the Ambassador of the Sudan to Canada, the Nordic countries of Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden and the United States and as the Sudan’s Minister of State for Foreign Affairs. After leaving the Foreign Service of his country, Dr. Deng became affiliated with leading think-tanks and research institutions in the United States, including the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, the United States Institute of Peace, the Kluge Center for Scholars of the Library of Congress, and the Center for International Studies of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and was the first Distinguished Fellow of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund. Dr. Deng was also a visiting Lecturer at Yale University Law School, a Distinguished Professor at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, and a Research Professor of Politics, Law and Society at the Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies. Francis Deng graduated with an LL.B (Honours) from Khartoum University, was appointed to the Academic staff of the Faculty and pursued post-graduate studies at London University and at Yale University Law School, where he obtained the LL.M and the JSD degrees in 1965 and 1968 respectively. Dr. Deng is on the Board of Directors for the Center for International Humanitarian Cooperation (CIHC) and is an International Diploma in Humanitarian Assistance (IDHA) Honoris Causa Recipient. Dr. Deng has authored and edited over thirty books. His most recent book is Bound by Conflict.